Back in the early 90s, I worked as a teacher of English to people who had lost their jobs because of the restructuring of the economy. The idea was to retrain former workers from the TCF (textile, clothing and footwear) industries, who came from very diverse cultural backgrounds. Even then, manufacturing was in drastic decline. Back then, I didn’t have much idea how important footwear used to be in Melbourne’s economy. If you want the evidence of that history, suburbs like Clifton Hill are a good place to look.
Like its neighbouring suburbs of Collingwood, Abbotsford and Fitzroy, Clifton Hill was home to a remarkable concentration of boot and shoe makers, as well as hat makers. The building that’s now Schotts Emporium on Hoddle Street was once the Clifton Shoe Company, as you can see if you duck around the back and look up. It was one of dozens of shoe factories in the neighbourhood.
Heading east off Hoddle Street and picking up Noone Street, we caught sight of a fine-looking building in the Federation ‘blood and bandage’ style. These days it’s apartments, but on the top of the building is the old signage of a dye works.
That wasn’t its original purpose, though. For many years this was another shoe factory, as you can tell from a couple of ghostsigns on either side of the front door.
The building at 200-206 Noone Street was built around 1912 for Puttifoot and Bloom, boot manufacturers. (Is it just a coincidence that people in the shoe business often have the word ‘foot’ in their names? There is a ghost sign in the city for a shoe repairer called Barfoot.)
By 1927, the factory had changed hands and was Blackman & Rose, shoe manufacturers. It hung on until the 1950s, then became a mattress factory, and by the 1970s the premises belonged to the Synthetic Dye Works – as the signage on top proclaims.
Check out this link for a fantastic picture of workers inside one of the old Clifton Hill shoe factories, Llewellyns, circa 1920. The comments are worth a read too.
Ronert and Dr Kielly’s were brands of shoe popular in the 1930s and 1940s, presumably made by Blackman & Rose. Here’s an ad from 1943, when Ronert ladies’ shoes cost 23 shillings and sixpence:
And here’s a bit of promotion for Dr Keilly’s nicely named ‘arch-rest shoes’:
Dr Kielly joins the list of probably fictional doctors whose names still appear on walls around Melbourne, lending their prestige to long-gone products – the non-existent Dr Morse, of the eponymous Indian Root Pills, is another. (I have another appointment with him very soon.)
The shoe factories, of course, are closed these days, the result of changes to the economy that rapidly shifted Melbourne from a manufacturing city to the place of apartments and latte that we have today. With that change, it’s not just jobs that are lost, it’s the knowledge that went with them. How many people could make a shoe today? The names of the various associated trades have vanished from our vocabulary. Who knows what a ‘stuff cutter’ is, for example?
Not far away, on the corner of Groom Street and Alexandra Parade East, Clifton Hill, is a very faded ghostsign advertising two erstwhile Melbourne newspapers: The Argus and The Australasian. They are both famous names in Australian journalism, though The Australasian ceased publication in 1946, The Argus in 1957. This sign dates from well before that, I’d guess.
While Clifton Hill used to be one of the most industrial suburbs of Melbourne, it also borders the Merri Creek close to the point where it flows into the Yarra river. Take only a few steps (in your comfortable Dr Kielly’s arch-rest shoes) and you find yourself among trees and bushland, immersed in the sound of bird calls and the noise of water flowing over Dight’s Falls.
We headed south down Trenerry Crescent, under Alexandra Parade and into Abbotsford. I’ve driven over this bridge many times, en route for the Eastern Freeway, but never walked under it before. And I’ve never really been aware of the beauty of the river down here.
Clearly it’s not a secret, because hundreds of walkers and joggers and cyclists are taking advantage of it on a Sunday afternoon, as they should. Still it seems a surprising blessing to find such a tranquil green place close to the heart of the city. We saw blue wrens darting about – at least, having no birdwatching credentials, I guess that’s what they were. A lizard, or skink, was sunning himself on the path, indifferent to us. The constant chiming of bellbirds mingled with the swoosh of traffic along Alexandra Parade, as it must once have done with factory sirens and industrial machinery.
The view is enough to make a real estate agent drool, and riverside apartments have sprung up on Trenerry Crescent, marking another step in the region’s transformation from an industrial heartland into a residential paradise for the upwardly mobile.
It used to be that the well-heeled moved far away from the industrial heartland. These days, though, the boot’s on the other foot.
Thank you! As a Clifton Hillbilly myself, I enjoyed this a lot. Did you spot the plaque dedicated to Alan Marshall on the side of one of the old factories on Roseneath St? He worked in the factory as an accountant and created a fictionalised version of his life in ‘How Beautiful Are Thy Feet’.
I remember hearing from a local that when they pulled up the concrete paving in their backyard, they found hundreds and hundreds of leather soles and heels beneath it, no doubt discarded by the neighbouring shoe factory.
Thanks Kate. I will have to go back to look for the Marshall plaque. And will check out the book too. I know his short stories and I can jump puddles but not the one you mention. Cheers
Thanks, Nick – I have thought about this area a little as my great grand father was a boot maker and had a shop in Victoria Parade – came from London with his wife in the 1880s…thanks for the comprehensive tour.
Great story and pics, love Dight’s Falls, a magical place where nature is preserved and everyone loves it. Ghostsigns are fabulous reminders of how things were, good stuff
Yep it’s a beautiful spot. Thanks!
Thanks Nick. Your post inspired me to go take a look yesterday. Found quite a few references to the shoe & boot industry in the area, plus an old Cooperative shop, as well as aligned clothing manufacturers. Shame I can’t post pics here but will post something soon and reference this post.
Great Stefan! I look forward to seeing what you found.
Thanks for this – I’d never heard of the ‘blood and bandage’ term when applied to architecture and now I’m keen to find out more. The signs you found were fascinating as always, of course.
Thanks Katie, yes it’s a picturesque term! The Melbourne City Baths is a classic example of blood and bandage style. In Melbourne those buildings generally date from the decade after Federation. There are galleries on Flickr if you want to see more, here’s one https://www.flickr.com/photos/23268776@N03/galleries/72157626979736128/#photo_5792947147
Used to live in Noone Street, best memory is stopping my car under the bridge on Trenerry Crescent to rescue a long necked turtle crossing the road… remember also the ill-fated trial of interchangeable one way traffic on that road depending on the time of day!!
There’s an old faded ghost sign on a some converted apartments in Dally St Clifton Hill that says “American Blacking Co.”
I was so intrigued by that that I ended up digging out the whole history of the area. The river as for tanners who needed to dump waste, and more value add happened as you moved westward, via bootmakers and dyers in Clifton hill and Collingwood, until you got to retail at Smith St.
A whole supply chain in just a few blocks!
Very interesting, thanks! I’ll check out the American Blacking Co – I love the way a single sign can lead to a whole complex narrative, as yours does.
Great Sight….as a matter of interest my name is Paul Puttifoot, my grand father was James Puttifoot who owned a partnership in Puttifoot & Bloom….as a young boy he would take me to the Carlton Football Club where he measured up the players and made them custom playing boots. regards and keep up the great work Paul Puttifoot
Can you tell me any more about the Carlton F.C. link?
When was this, how long did your grandfather supply boots, do you remember meeting players ?
Any photos of your grand dad, of boots etc.
Carlton on line history site, Blueseum (www.blueseum.org) would be interested and the soon to be built museum at the club would be too.
Hi Nick. Received Melbourne Circles as a gift in Sept. and loved it. In a strange coincidence I’ll be moving in to the Puttifoot and Bloom building in Dec.
Rather fitting ( pardon the pun) as my Dad was a shoe wholesaler. Guess it makes me upwardly mobile !
Regards and thanks, Antony
Thanks Antony, very glad to hear you liked the book. Enjoy your new home!